Robust Frequency and Phase Estimation for Three-Phase Power Systems using a Bank of Kalman Filters

Published in IEEE Signal Processing Letters, 2021

In this paper we propose a powerful frequency, phase angle, and amplitude estimation solution for an unbalanced three-phase power system based on multiple model adaptive estimation. The proposed model utilizes the existence of a conditionally linear and Gaussian substructure in the power system states by marginalizing out the frequency component. This substructure can be effectively tracked by a bank of Kalman filters where each filter employs a different angular frequency value. Compared to other Bayesian filtering schemes for estimation in three-phase power systems, the proposed model reformulation is simpler, more robust, and more accurate as validated with numerical simulations on synthetic data.

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